Each builder, or he, came across at least once in his life with construction work, he knows that before proceeding directly to construction work, it is necessary to conduct its examination. This includes the identification of which soils lies, what soils prevail. The terrain is also important. The construction itself, its location, size, depth of the foundation, depends on this.
For this purpose, geodetic surveys of the area, the so -called topographic survey are carried out. Topographic shooting is a whole range of geodetic works, as a result of which the customer receives topographer – geodetic materials of the survey results, materials about the situation and relief of the territory that are already available on the grounds and structures, and other points that relate to the territory on which such surveys were carried out. In a scientific, builders, designers, they call such results geopodnova, that is, a set of topographic plans and maps of different scales.
Topographic and geodesical work is carried out in several stages. The first includes the receipt of the task directly, as well as the preparation of the necessary tools and documentation, which is necessary. The second stage is the collection and analysis of the materials of the data already received as a result of the survey of the area. The next step is to bring the documentation into proper form, which is subsequently transmitted to the customer. And the final stage – registration of the production of topographic – geodetic works.
There is also a field stage of examination. It, in turn, includes reconnaissance – a survey of the area, a complex of geodetic work – fixing the reference points on the ground in order to subsequently create a planning and high -rise shooting network, and, directly, topographic shooting. The final stage is